ETHIOPIA COUNTRY PROFILE
Ethiopia Country Profile
Except from Italian occupation in 1936-1940, Ethiopia has maintained its freedom from colonial powers. Following the establishment of a socialist state by the military junta ‘the Derg’, a coalition of rebel forces ‘the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front’ overthrew the regime in 1991, and the new 1994 constitution were followed by multi-party elections in 1995. Situated in Eastern Africa, bordering countries are Djibouti, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, and Sudan. Being a landlocked country, Ethiopia has no coastline. The climate is characterized by tropical monsoon with variations, and the terrain is marked by high plateau and a mountain range. The population counts 93,877,025, official languages are Amharic, English and Arabic, and official regional languages are Oromo, and Tigrayan.
The largest sector, in terms of GDP share, is agriculture, only exceeding services by 3%. In terms of employment, however, agriculture employs 85% of the labour force. Agricultural products are cereals, pulses, coffee, oilseed, cotton, sugarcane, potatoes, khat, cut flowers, hides, cattle, sheep, goats, and fish. Main industrial sectors are food processing, beverages, textiles, leather, chemicals, metals processing, and cement. The industrial production growth rate is, at 9.2%, a global number 21.
Source: CIA World Factbook